Mature Class Study, teacher Alyce Crain.
God ordained 7 feasts or holidays for the Jews. He called them holy convocations. They gathered to focus on God. The feasts reflected God’s love to the people and them returning his love. Today families enjoy being together during holidays.
Leviticus 23:1-2 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the Lord, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.
The first feast was the Sabbath that was observed on the seventh day of the week from Friday at sundown to Saturday at sundown. The word Sabbath means rest. God rested on the seventh day after he made the world.
Leviticus 23:3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.
A lawyer presents all his evidence and defense for a case, and rests when he is done. When God created the world and saw it was good and complete, he rested. Adam and Eve were part of this and rested in God’s completeness.
Hebrews 4:9-10 There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his.
God wants us to rest when we’re complete in him by being saved. He didn’t mean the Sabbath to be our taskmaster but for us to be free from the taskmaster of sin. The Pharisees accused Jesus of breaking the Sabbath when the apostles picked corn in a field because they were hungry. God meant the Sabbath to be a day of rest so we can focus on the things of God.
Mark 2:27-28 And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath: Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
The next feasts were the Passover and the feast of unleavened bread which are in March or April on our calendar. They sacrificed an unblemished lamb at Passover and ate it before they were delivered from bondage in Egypt (Exodus 12).
Leviticus 23:5-6 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the Lord’s passover. And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the Lord: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
Jesus celebrated the Passover (Luke 2:41-49). He is our Passover – the unblemished lamb sacrificed to deliver us from our sins. The feast of unleavened bread started the day after Passover and lasted 7 days. The dough of unleavened bread was sweet and not soured with yeast. God wants us to remember how sweet it was when he delivered us from the death of sin. The feast commemorated deliverance. God wants us to purge out any leaven (sin or bad habits) from our hearts.
I Corinthians 5:6-8…Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump? Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
The feast of first fruits was for the harvest of barley. It began the day after the feast of unleavened bread ended in March or April on our calendar. They brought barley in the sheaf to wave before the altar in the temple and then eat it. They didn’t know how things would go in the rest of the harvest but they knew God would provide.
Leviticus 23:9-14…Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto…Israel, and say…When ye be come into the land which I give …and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: And he shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted for you: on the morrow…ye shall offer…an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the Lord. And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the Lord for a sweet savour…the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin. And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until…brought an offering unto your God…
Jesus was the firstfruits of those risen from the dead to new life. Giving God our firstfruits shows we’re putting him first.
I Corinthians 15:20 But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.
Mark 4:28-32 For the earth bringeth forth fruit…first the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn…But when the fruit is brought forth, immediately he putteth in the sickle, because the harvest is come…Whereunto shall we liken the kingdom of God?…like a grain of mustard…less than all the seeds…it groweth…great branches; so…fowls…lodge under…
The feast of weeks was when the fruit of the new wheat harvest came. It was 50 days (Pentecost means 50 days) after the feast of unleavened bread. God has abundant provision and wanted them to share what they had.
Leviticus 23:15-16 And…from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath…number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord.
Acts 2:4-6 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. And there were dwelling at Jerusalem…men, out of every nation under heaven. Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language.
The baptism of the Holy Ghost happened during the feast of weeks. The Holy Ghost filled them and cleansed them of the carnal nature. The apostles were given other languages so they could share the gospel and preach to other nations.
Leviticus 23:22 And when ye reap the harvest…thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger…
The feast of trumpets that were made of ram’s horns and of silver was in September or October of our calendar. This feast was a reference to the battle cry that brought the people together for battles or for feasts.
Leviticus 23:23-24 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.
The trumpet gave a clear calling to direct people. Jesus said he would send angels to direct the people in what to do. Moses gathered the people with a trumpet that is like the voice of God giving clear instructions. Do we hear the trumpet call us?
Matthew 24:31 And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
Revelations 1:10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,
Next was the feast of atonement which was a day of atonement 10 days after the feast of the trumpets. Atonement is reparation for an offense or injury or setting a wrong right. It was a time to afflict their souls and look in their hearts.
Leviticus 23:26-27 And the Lord spake…Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.
We were separated by sin through Adam and need atonement through Jesus’ blood and sacrifice. We have to be humble and ask God to show if there’s anything he’s not pleased with in us. Jesus’ blood was shed for us but we have to let him apply it.
Romans 5:11…we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.
Romans 5:18…by the offence of one judgment came upon all…by the righteousness of one the free gift came…justification of life.
For the feast of tabernacles (booths) people lived in a temporary booth. They did no work, offered sacrifices, and built fires that lit the temple so it could be seen from far away. The feast of booths had a water offering from the Pool of Siloam.
Leviticus 23:33-34…The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the Lord.
Leviticus 23:42-43 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days…That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.
Jesus said to come to him if we thirst. He promised the living water from the Holy Spirit.
John 7:2, 37-39…feast of tabernacles was at hand… Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given…
Jeremiah 29:11…I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the Lord, thoughts of peace…not of evil, to give you an expected end.
Hanakkah, the Feast of Lights began to celebrate rededicating the second temple. Jesus attended a feast of dedication. Holidays for the Jews reinforced their purpose. Our holidays connect us to people, food, songs, stories, and introspection.
John 10:22-23…at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication…it was winter. And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon’s porch.