Mature Class Study, teacher Edith Tolbert.

Mother’s of the Bible lived under different rules than mothers of our day. They were to bear children so the family would be built and the family name carried on. If a husband died, his brother was to marry his brother’s wife to build his  family.

Deuteronomy 25:5-9  If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without…her husband’s brother shall…take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband’s brother unto her. And…the firstborn which she beareth shall succeed in the name of his brother which is dead, that his name be not put out of Israel. And if the man like not to take his brother’s wife, then let his brother’s wife go…unto the elders, and say, My husband’s brother refuseth to…perform the duty of my husband’s brother. Then the elders…speak unto him: and if he stand to it, and say, I like not to take her; Then shall his brother’s wife…in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and…and say, So shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother’s house.

Genealogy was crucial to the priesthood because only the family of Levy could be priests. In Ezra 2 and Nehemiah 7, the genealogy showed who could buy land when the people returned from captivity in Babylon.  Four mothers were named in Jesus’ genealogy in the gospel of Matthew. Judah picked Tamar to be his son’s wife. That isn’t how we do things today.

Matthew 1:1-3 The…generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas…Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;

Tamar married Judah’s son Err. Err died because he was wicked and his brother Onan didn’t want children with Tamar.  The only way Judah would have children was through Tamar. Without Tamar, there would be no David and no Jesus.

Genesis 38:6-11 And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, whose name was Tamar. And Er…was wicked in the sight of the Lord; and the Lord slew him. And Judah said unto Onan, Go in unto thy brother’s wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to thy brother. And Onan knew that the seed should not be his; and…when he went in unto his brother’s wife, that he spilled it on the ground, lest that he should give seed to his brother. And the thing…displeased the Lord: wherefore he slew him also. Then said Judah to Tamar his daughter in law, Remain a widow at thy father’s house, till Shelah my son be grown: for he said, Lest peradventure he die also, as his brethren did. And Tamar went and dwelt in her father’s house.

Judah’s wife died. He was going to shear sheep when he saw Tamar and thought she was a harlot. She deceived Judah and got pregnant by him, but she kept the pledge he gave her to prove Judah had caused her to conceive.

Genesis 38:13-18 And it was told Tamar…thy father in law goeth up to Timnath to shear his sheep. And she put her widow’s garments off…and covered her with a vail…and sat in an open place…by the way to Timnath; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife. When Judah saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; because she had covered her face. And he…said, Go to, I pray thee, let me come in unto thee; (for he knew not that she was his daughter in law.) And she said, What wilt thou give me, that thou mayest come in unto me? And he said, I will send thee a kid from the flock…What pledge shall I give thee? And she said, Thy signet, and thy bracelets, and thy staff…and she conceived by him.

Judah realized Tamar was more righteous than he was because she wanted seed for the house of Judah. Tamar had twins.

Genesis 38:24-26 And…about three months after, that it was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter in law hath played the harlot…is with child by whoredom. And Judah said…let her be burnt. When she was brought…sent to her father in law, saying, By the man, whose these are, am I with child…Discern, I pray thee, whose are these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff. And Judah acknowledged…said, She hath been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah…

Genesis 38:28-30…when she travailed…one put out his hand: and the midwife…bound upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first…as he drew back his hand, that, behold, his brother came out: and she said, How hast thou broken forth?…his name was called Pharez. And afterward came out his brother, that had the scarlet thread…called Zarah.

In Ruth 4, the kinsman closer to Ruth’s first husband used the exception of Deuteronomy 25 to say he didn’t want to marry Ruth. That allowed Ruth to marry Boaz so the genealogy of Judah continued. Their son was David’s grandfather.

Matthew 1:4-6 And Aram begat Aminadab…begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon; And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse; And Jesse begat David the king; and David…begat Solomon…

The next woman in the genealogy of Judah was Rahab. Josephus said she was caretaker of an inn. She cared for her parents, brothers, and sisters. She had a lot of care for the people of Jericho and she hid the Israelite spies from the king’s men.

Joshua 2:1-4 And Joshua…sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying, Go view the land, even Jericho. And they went, and came into an harlot’s house, named Rahab, and lodged there. And it was told the king of Jericho…there came men in hither to night of the children of Israel to search out the country. And the king…sent unto Rahab, saying, Bring forth the men that are come to thee, which are entered into thine house: for they be come to search out all the country. And the woman took the two men, and hid them…said thus, There came men unto me, but I wist not whence they were:

Rahab had a kind, compassionate heart, had faith, and believed God. The Israelites returned to Jericho and the spies kept their word to save her. She married Salmon one of the spies and they had Boaz. Boaz continued the lineage of Judah when he and Ruth had Obed, David’s grandfather. Boaz was impressed by how Ruth took care of Naomi and married Ruth.

Joshua 2:9-14 And she said…I know that the Lord hath given you the land, and that your terror is fallen upon us, and that all…faint because of you. For we have heard how the Lord dried up the water of the Red Sea…when ye came out of Egypt; and what ye did unto the two kings of the Amorites…And as soon as we had heard…our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more courage in any…for the Lord your God, he is God in heaven above, and in earth beneath. Now… swear unto me by the Lord…that ye…shew kindness unto my father’s house, and give me a true token: And that ye will save alive my father, and my mother, and my brethren…and deliver our lives from death. And the men answered her, Our life for yours, if ye utter not this our business…when the Lord hath given us the land, that we will deal…truly with thee.

Hebrews 11:31 By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not…she had received the spies with peace.

David stopped putting God first and catered to his flesh instead of going to the battle. Bathsheba was a young about 15 or 16 years old. There was some kind of shield so people couldn’t see her as she bathed on the roof top. David’s roof was higher than everyone elses so Bathsheba didn’t know David was watching her. He sent messengers to get her. David was 50 years old and she had been taught to obey the king. God never condemned Bathsheba but the blame was all on David.

II Samuel 11:1-4 And…at the time when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab…and all Israel…But David tarried still at Jerusalem. And…in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king’s house… he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon. And David…enquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba…wife of Uriah the Hittite? And David sent messengers, and took…and he lay with her…

David took Bathsheba for his wife after he had Uriah die in battle. The child David and Bathsheba had died soon after birth.

II Samuel 11:27 And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to his house, and she became his wife, and bare him a son. But the thing that David had done displeased the Lord.

The prophet Nathan told David the story of the man’s lamb to show how selfish David had acted. David repented and God forgave him. David comforted Bathsheba and she conceived again to bear Solomon. God loved Solomon.

II Samuel 12:3-4 But the poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb, which he had…nourished up: and it grew up together with him, and with his children…and lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter. And there came a traveller unto the rich man, and he spared to take of his own flock…to dress for the wayfaring man…but took the poor man’s lamb…

II Samuel 12:24 And David comforted Bathsheba his wife…she bare a son…called his name Solomon: and the Lord loved him.

Solomon respected and admired his mother Bathsheba. She taught him to be a good king.

I Kings 2:19-20 Bathsheba therefore went unto king Solomon, to speak unto him for Adonijah. And the king rose up to meet her, and bowed himself unto her…and caused a seat to be set for the king’s mother; and she sat on his right hand. Then she said, I desire one small petition…say me not nay. And the king said…Ask on, my mother: for I will not say thee nay.

Solomon probably wrote Proverbs 31. It says a good mother is compassionate, caring, a good steward, and helps the poor.

Proverbs 31:1 The words of king Lemuel, the prophecy that his mother taught him.